Q: Kumusta po ang inyong hearing?
A: Marami pang kailangang pag-usapan, to be frank. We just suspended the hearing but you can expect that in a few months, we will have another hearing on this because marami pang unresolved issues.
Changes in Advertising
We talked mostly about the problems today but I really want to talk about solutions. One I think iyong changes sa ating advertising, I think that would be quite good for our consumers na mas malinaw kung ano ang nakukuha nila pagdating sa Internet.
Pangalawa iyong pagdating sa congestion. We’ve instructed NTC to actually check if indeed congestion is the main problem kung bakit mabagal ang Internet.
Sabi ko nga, kung congestion ito na once in a blue moon, then maybe you can say ok at that particular time, mahina ang Internet. But if it a regular type of congestion, araw-araw mong nararanasan, that’s something that has to be addressed regularly.
Value-Added Service vs. Basic Service
Now, NTC has said na Internet natin is considered as a value-added service, hindi siya basic service meaning hindi siya makapagregulate nang todo-todo dahil hindi ito kasama sa basic services natin.
I think that can be one of the laws that could be amended na gawin nating basic service ang Internet. It is already recognized as a human right and if we make it a basic service, at least puwede talaga nating bantayan kung paano ito puwedeng maikalat sa maraming Pilipino, at the right cost and at the right service level.
Next Step: Technical Working Group
The TWG will probably tackle this more in detail. Hopefully aantabayanan po natin iyan kung paano gumalaw.
Kasi ang nagiging problema sa maraming hearing, nag-uusap-usap pero walang nangyayari.
Hindi natin iiwanan ang isyung ito.
Every quarter we can have this hearing and make sure that we get closer to affordable and quality Internet for our country.
Q: Puwede bang babaan ang charges sa Internet na mabagal?
A. Sa totoo lang, NTC cannot regulate even on that because it’s not a basic service.
It is a market driven system right now. If we’re able to make Internet a basic service, it can one of the services which is regulated.
Alam naman natin na sa ating bansa, may mga regulators tayo, they can basically dictate the prices for certain services and if we’re able to make Internet a basic service, puwede nang gawin iyan. Puwede nang mag-regulate.
Q: Sir ano ang mga standards that you want to set?
A: In fact, in the Philippine Digital Strategy, nakalagay doon na by 2016, kailangang 80 percent na ng ating mga kababayan ang mayroong internet access and nasa minimum of 2 MPBS.
Mayroon na tayong standard na kailangang sundan. This Philippine Digital Strategy was made by DOST in 2010.
In fact, binabantayan natin kung umaabot tayo sa standards na iyon. According to the private sector and NTC, mukhang maaabot naman ang 80 percent access by 2016.
But iyong regularity of speed and iyong cost ang dapat bantayan, na dapat affordable pa rin ito at tuluy-tuloy at hindi dapat pawala-wala.
Q: Sino ba dapat magre-regulate? Dapat pa ba tayong mag-create ng regulator?
We have a regulator and that’s the NTC. So alam ninyo iyong isang na-reason kanina ay do we need new laws or just have NTC regulate.
In some cases, puwede na silang mag-regulate but in case of the Internet, na hindi considered as basic service, kailangan itong gawing basic service.
Q: Sir, how do we do that?
We’ll amend the Public Service Act, which is a 1936 law.
Isipin mo, we’re talking about high-tech information age and we’re still using a 1936 law.
So it’s about time that we update this law and we use those amendments to really push for better access, more affordable internet in the Philippines.
Q: This means powerless po ang government?
No that’s not right. In fact, we asked NTC to come up with standards for Internet. Initially, walang pa silang standard na sini-set because this is a value added service.
To respond lang sa hinaing ng maraming Pilipino, kahit iyong ibang senador may hinaing na rin sila, it’s just right that they come up with standards to check the infrastructure kung talagang kaya ng infrastructure natin ang pinapangakong speed ng ating Internet.
Kung hindi, pilitin natin ang private sector na ma-match ang standards na nakalay-out na at gagawin ng NTC.
Responsibility of Users
Iyong kabaligtad din dito I think, we must be responsible users of the Internet just to be fair. Earlier nga na-mention na iilang tao lang na heavy users, apektado ang lahat.
Kung 24/7 ka sa mobile, panay ang download mo, nakakaapekto sa mga kasama mo.
Q: Sir in your next hearing ano po ang tututukan ninyo?
A: First we’ll have a TWG. All of the resource speakers, the NTC, DOST, DTI and telco partners. We’ll invite the other ISPs. I think mahalaga rin dito ang ating local government units.
Himayin natin ang discussion natin and come up with specific recommendations and from there, we’ll give it maybe two to three months to have another hearing para ma-track natin kung may nangyayari ba o wala.
Ang masakit kasi, puro salita at walang nangyayari. By the next hearing, after three months, we can check already, mayroon ba tayong solusyon na naihain o nagawa na o wala pa rin.
On Local Government Units
Iyon isa ring siguro na na-raise ay iyong sa local government units. Sinasabi ng ating telcos, hindi pare-pareho ang pagtrato sa kanila ng LGUs. There are some LGUs who will charge a really high amount, ang iba naman will charge less.
Nahihirapan sila (telcos) na i-roll out ang kanilang services. Kaya it’s important also to have the DILG, League of Cities and the League of Municipalities to have a common stand that when it comes to Internet and providing, kailangang tulung-tulong tayo rito.
Standards when it terms to congestion. At the minimum, they can actually show kung iyong infrastructure natin nagma-match sa population or Internet usage, para kung congestion nga ang problema, makita natin kung ano ang paraan kung anong ma-decongest natin.
Q: What’s the issue with Internet peering?
A: Well this is something NTC is already working on. We’ll ask for an update on the next hearing or during the TWG.
Ibig sabihih nito nagko-connect locally ang ating mga nodes. To be frank, maybe a technical answer might be better.
Simply put, kunyari galing akong Quezon City pupunta akong Makati, dadaan akong EDSA. Hindi na ako iikot sa Manila Bay, pupunta pa sa Cebu at babalik pa bago makarating sa Makati.
This makes the nodes faster. I think NTC is already working on this, and we’ll look for updates after three months on this issue.
Q. Kasama po ba ang mga text na pinapadala ng network na may promo sa resolusyon ninyo?
A: It’s not part of the resolution but we can add it.
Q: Kung minsan matutulog ka na lang may magtetext, akala ko importante.
A: I can have that checked. Pag nandoon na ang NTC puwede nating patanong iyon. But primarily kasi, the question is more on the expensive Internet.
Compared to other countries, medyo lumalayo na ang presyo. So we’re hoping kung ma-refer na siya sa aming committee today, we’re hoping to have the hearing next week.
Q: Hindi magkakalayo ang mga rates nila, so puwede ba nating sabihin na maaaring may cartel rin sila?
A: Hard to say that that’s a crime.
But babalik din tayo diyan sa competition policy. That’s one of the bills we’re pushing for. If you have better competition, you have more people in the market, mas competitive, mas bababa ang presyo.
Roadmap for Internet
Primarily gusto naming tanungin sa NTC, ano ang roadmap natin.
Technically, regulated industry iyan, NTC should have a roadmap in terms of the price and quality.
Unfortunately, napag-iwanan na tayo ng ibang mga bansa so we want to see. Antabayanan natin kung anong sasabihin nila.